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2006年7月31日 (月)

Sino-Pakistan Military Cooperation

「全天候型」と称される、パキスタンと中国との間の軍事協力関連報道。

"Chinese Defence delegation arrives soon for test, trial of AWACS," PakTribune, July 29, 2006,<http://www.paktribune.com/news/index.shtml?150966> (31 Jul 2006)

A high powered Chinese Defence delegation is due to arrive here shortly for a test and trial of their Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS).
The team is arriving just moths after Pakistan announced it was going ahead with the purchase of the Swedish Early Warning System (ERIEYE).

スウェーデン製機材は、パキスタン軍の戦力向上に極めて有益と評価されていた。Senior Federal Minister and Minister for Defense, Rao Sikandar Iqbal has said the purchase of Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) from Sweden would tremendously strengthen our defense capability.   "AWACS to strengthen Pak Defense capability: Rao Sikandar,"PakTribune, Saturday May 27, 2006 <http://www.paktribune.com/news/index.php?id=144939> (31 Jul 2006)

両国の協力に関しての特徴としては、透明度が低いことであるが、これは以下の報道でも如実に示されている。他にグワダルの事例も報じられている。

Kaleem Omar、”Pakistan is the world's biggest recipient of Chinese aid," The News, 30 Jul 2006, <http://jang.com.pk/thenews/jul2006-weekly/nos-30-07-2006/pol1.htm#7 > (31 Jul 2006)

China's total financial commitments and aid offers to Pakistan since 2001 now total more than $ 9 billion, including about $ 6 billion for a whole clutch of development schemes and an estimated $ 3 billion for defence equipment, making Pakistan the world's biggest recipient of Chinese aid.

What's more, these billions of dollars in aid offers and commitments have all come our way from Beijing in a low-key fashion, without any of the sort of hoopla and media hype that usually accompanies offers of US assistance. As a true friend of Pakistan, China doesn't trumpet its aid; it just goes ahead and offers it.

Moreover, unlike the United States and several other western countries, China has never gone back on its aid commitments to Pakistan, even when it has been under pressure from Washington to do so.

The new deep water port at Gwadar is expected to play a key role as a gateway port for western China and as an energy corridor aimed at trans-shipping Chinese oil imports from Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries to energy-deficient western China.

The Pakistan government has also announced plans to build a highway link and a Rs 50 billion railway line from Gwadar to western China, in order to provide a land route for western China's imports and exports. The new highway will link up with the Karakoram Highway connecting Pakistan to Kashgar in western China. The scheme also calls for the widening and upgrading of the KKH to make it an all-weather road capable of handling heavy truck traffic. China recently offered $ 350 million in aid for the project, including financing for the realignment of a 100-km section of the KKH that will be submerged by the Bhasha Dam reservoir. Work on the dam began last month, following a ground-breaking ceremony performed by President Pervez Musharraf in May this year.

China's growing interest in the development of Gwadar port was underscored in 2003 when Beijing held joint naval exercises with Pakistan in the Arabian Sea for the first time ever. Maintaining security in the region's sea lanes has become of vital concern to China in recent years because of its increasing dependence on Middle Eastern oil. A Chinese naval presence in the Arabian Sea will also help to strengthen Pakistan's maritime security.

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