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2007年3月 1日 (木)

インド洋における大陸棚と海洋法条約関連

インドは管轄水域の拡大を目指している。
Amitabh Sinha,"India puts final touches on claim doubling its area under the sea," Indian Express, 26 Feb 2007, <http://www.indianexpress.com/story/24282.html> (1 Mar 2007)NEW DELHI, FEBRUARY 25 より引用。

"India is in the advanced stages of finalising its claim on the continental shelf under the sea — in accordance with provisions of a UN law — that will almost double the country’s sea area but also, and more significantly, could go a long way in resolving a key territorial dispute with Pakistan."

" Sources say the claim can be around 1.5 million square km which, if granted, will make the total sea area under India’s control approximately equal to its total land area of 3.28 million square km."

Railbudgetb
<http://www.indianexpress.com/res/web/pIe/ieimages/Newpics/railbudget-b.jpg>

パキスタンも同様。
John Thakur Das, "PN vigorously pursues case for 350 nm continental shelf," Pakistan Obbserver, 2 Aug 2005, <http://pakobserver.net/200508/02/news/topstories14.asp> (15 Nov 2005)より引用。
 "The Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Shahid Karimullah Monday said Pakistan Navy has been vigorously pursuing the case with the government for extension of continental shelf from 200 to 350 nautical miles for which the claim is to be submitted by May 2009 in accordance with provisions of UN Conventions on Laws of Seas, 1982."

The News, 16 Apr 2004, <http://paknews.com/main.php?id=2&date1=2004-04-16> (30 May 2004)  より引用。
Deputy Chief of the Naval Staff (Operations), Rear Admiral Iftikhar Raoの発言。
""We will provide them security whatsoever they require", he further stated. Replying another question regarding submission of scientific study report to the United Nations for the enhancement of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) from 240,000 square kilometres to 300,000 square kilometres, he said a French company is being awarded contract to carry out the study for its subsequent submission to the UN well ahead of 2007, which is the deadline set for the purpose by the world body."

排他的経済水域、大陸棚における管轄権が主権的権利に転化する「クリーピング・ジュリスディクション」が進行するかどうかに注目。中国のEEZとその上部空域における姿勢がその典型。米海軍が政府に対して、UNCLOS批准を要望するのは、EEZにおける航行を最大限確保するためか。

以下、3月7日追加資料。パキスタンEEZ関連報道。

Editorial,  NATION, 19 Apr 2004, <http://www.southasianmedia.net/index_opinion.cfm?category=Security&country=PAKISTAN> (30 May 2004)

" It is unfortunate that, though Pakistan has a substantial coastline on the Arabian Sea, located in a strategically significant position, it has never really thought of itself as a naval power, and has always seen its Navya??s primary task as defending the sea lanes to Karachi. The DCNS(O) made an apparently innocent remark on Thursday, saying that an Indo-Iranian gas pipeline, whether on land, in shallow waters or even in deep waters, would be protected by the Pakistan Navy. "

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